Douglas O'Donnell shows, in this redemptive-historical, biblical, practical, and expositional commentary, that Ecclesiastes answers two key questions that worry everybody in the depths of their minds. The first is 'What does man gain from all the toil at which he toils under the sun?'the answer being 'nothing.' The second follows: 'In light of such vanitythe fact that our work and knowledge and pleasures and possessions are ultimately made futile by deathhow then should we live this temporary life under the sun?' The answer is surprisingly simple: we are to abandon human illusions of self- importance, put aside all pretense of pride, and embrace divine wisdom. 'The Preacher' of Ecclesiastes says that this is 'the end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man' (12:13). O'Donnell explains how these two key ideas inform the text of Ecclesiastes and the practical instruction that flows from them.